India-Korea Ties   Agrarian Crisis   Tourist Visa on Arrival   Rwanda  
South Korea and Modi's Act East Policy
Prime Minister Narendra Modi's recent visit to South Korea has further strengthened and expanded India-Korea strategic and economic ties. Modi's call to take the bilateral relationship to a higher level was responded positively by the South Korean leadership.
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South Asia policy after Modi's China visit
22 May 2015
N Sathiya Moorthy
Indian concerns over a 'rising China' is more about China's 'increasing influence' in the South Asian neighbourhood than over the possibility of a revived border episode or a return to war between the two Asian giants.
Rohingyas Adrift in the Bay of Bengal: The region needs to response
21 May 2015
K Yhome
The region need to response to the unfolding migrant crisis in the Andaman Sea. India and the Indian Navy must move quickly with other regional players to bring an end to the humanitarian crisis in the Bay of Bengal.
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Challenges of Nuclear Deterrence in a Multipolar Nuclear Architecture
22 May 2015
The India-France nuclear dialogue, organised by Observer Research Foundation on April 1, discussed, debated and exchanged ideas on some of the mutual challenges faced by both countries. Both the countries share concern on issues ranging from Chinese-Pakistani nuclear cooperation, nuclear proliferation in Iran and possibilities of an arms race in the West Asia.
Muscle-power giving way to money-power in elections: Expert
22 May 2015
The process of reforms in the electoral system to ensure electoral integrity has began, but much remains to be achieved. Ultimately, electoral integrity could be restored only by the will of the people and it is in people's power to do so.
Lack of clarity on legal nature of Paris deal a concern for India
21 May 2015
Lack of clarity on the legal nature of the Paris deal and the INDCs has been a cause of concern for India. There has been a proposal for a kind of "hybrid agreement", which suggests that Paris deal will not actually be legally binding but have certain legally binding elements.
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Occasional Paper
The Dance of the Elephant and the Dragon: The Promise and Perils of Sino-Indian Relations
18 May 2015
Himanil Raina
Issue No. 65
Why is it that despite sharing significant commonalities, India and China remain trapped in a relationship that projects them as inevitable rivals? This paper examines the promise of these bilateral relations and attempts to sound the death knell to the old narrative.
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Issue Brief
Swine Flu: Challenges and Impact on the Indian Economy
11 May 2015
Richa Sekhani
Issue. 90
Swine flu has seen a worrisome spread in India recently, and there are fears of another resurgence in the coming months. This issue brief explores the economic impact of swine flu and the challenges India faces in fighting the disease.
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ORF Special Report
Iran Nuclear Deal: Implications of the Framework Agreement
08 May 2015
Kanchi Gupta & Arka Biswas
The US may leverage the Palestinian issue with Israel, in light of France's move to introduce a UNSC resolution on Palestinian statehood. It is likely that President Obama will block this resolution in exchange for Israeli support for the nuclear deal with Iran.
Air Power Special Compilation
07 May 2015
Abhijit Iyer-Mitra, Angad Singh
Issue No. 9
•  Roadblocks to Air Revolution in Indian War-   Fighting
•  The Opportunities of Gallium Nitride
Doctrinal and war-fighting changes elude the IAF as it grapples to adopt technological upgrades in its fourth generation fighter force.
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Global Policy - ORF SERIES
India's Urbanisation Experiences
May 2015
Rumi Aijaz
The second issue of GP-ORF series deals with the key urban challenges facing India - by 2030, India will be 40% urban - and directions the country could take to absorb and manage this future growth. [Based on a series of workshops conducted by ORF, supported by GIZ, during 2013-14.]
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China Weekly Report
Indian Prime Minister visits China
18 May 2015
Vol V, Issue 19
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited China as part of three-nation tour he has undertaken from May 13. Modi told Chinese President Xi Jinping that Beijing needs to "re-consider its approach" towards bilateral relations.
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Africa Monitor
China willing to do more in Horn of Africa
16 May 2015
Vol. IV Issue. 39
China is ready to make a greater contribution to peace and stability in the Horn of Africa, Beijing said after Djibouti's president told AFP negotiations over a Chinese military base were under way.
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South Asia Weekly Report
Pakistan: Neutrality in Yemen and Arabian displeasure
15 May 2015
Sridhar Ramaswamy
Vol VIII, Issue 20
During the recent crisis in Yemen, between the Houthis and the nine-nation military coalition led by the Saudis, a joint sitting of Pakistan's Parliament voted against joining the Saudi-led coalition.
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West Asia Monitor
But What's the Alternative? In negotiations with Iran, it means doing a better job
11 May 2015
Vol I, Issue IX
Probably the most common response to the criticism that has been leveled at the P5+1-Iran negotiations over the past year is: "but what's the alternative?"
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ORF Cyber Monitor
A Time to Lead
8 May, 2015
Vol III, Issue 5
Today [April 16], Den Hague will be at the centre of the cyber world as over 100 delegations assemble for the Global Conference on Cyberspace (GCCS) hosted by the Dutch government. India?s participation at such forums must factor in two important realities of the digital space.
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South China Sea Monitor
China Maritime Tensions dominates ASEAN Summit
05 May 2015
Vol IV, Issue 5
In the March issue, this column stated that "Chinese occupation and creation of islands in the South China Sea is going to be an issue not just with the other disputing nations in the region but with extra regional actors such as the US... [and] The issue will only add more complexities in an already tensed area."
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Energy News Monitor
Local Pollution and the Politics of Outrage (part II)
14 April 2015
Vol XI, Issue 44
Drawing on the hypothesis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC), last week's column ended with a rather sceptical observation that the problem of local pollution in Delhi.
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Space Alert
The UAE Takes a Bold Step into the Final Policy Frontier
April 2015
Vol III, Issue 2
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) may be positioning itself to become a leader for outer space activities in the Gulf Region. Recently, Dr. Mohammad Nasser Al Ahbabi, Director General of the UAE Space Agency, EIAST, held the inaugural meeting of the UAE Space Agency Working Group on Space Policy and Law,
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Annual Report
Annual Report 2014

Observer Research Foundation (ORF) is an endeavour to aid and influence formulation of policies for building a strong and prosperous India. The expectations of the global community from India are immense as the country is poised to play a leading role in the knowledge age. The Foundation believes that in the next 15 years, India will be one of the great economic powers in the world and contribute to a significant transformation in the quality of life of humanity.
  more >>







Talk on

"One Year of Modi Government"
by Mr Shastri Ramachandran (Politics), Mr N Madhavan (Economy) & Dr Sridhar Krishnaswamy (Foreign Policy)
Saturday, 23 May 2015
(11:00 AM To 1:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Chennai Conference Hall



CFSR & ORF Roundtable Discussion

"Long Term Roadmap for Energy Sector"
Monday, 25 May 2015
(9:30 AM To 2:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall




"The Rafale Deal: Where to from Here?"
Tuesday, 26 May 2015
(10:30 AM To 1:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall



Address by Her Excellency URSULA VON DER LEYEN Defence Minister of the Republic of GERMANY

"India And Europe: A Shared Security?"
Wednesday, 27 May 2015
(1:45 AM To 3:00 PM)
Venue: The Imperial Hotel, New Delhi



Discussion on the Release of the Report

"India-Bangladesh Connectivity: Possibilities and Challenges"
Tuesday, 2 June 2015
(3:00 PM To 5:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Kolkata, Conference Hall



Roundtable Discussion

"India and Bangladesh Relations: Land Boundary and Beyond"
Friday, 5 June 2015
(11:00 AM To 1:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall




"Aspects of Japan's Foreign Policy"
Tuesday, 9 June 2015
(2:00 PM To 4:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall



Roundtable Discussion

"Critical Information Infrastructure Protection"
Wednesday, 17 June 2015
(10:00 AM To 1:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall




"CYFY 2015"
14-16 October 2015
(10:00 AM To 6:00 PM)
Venue: New Delhi



ORF-ZEIT Stiftung Ebelin und Gerd Bucerius (Hamburg)

"5th Asian Forum on Global Governance"
25 October to 3 November 2014
(9:00 AM To 5:00 PM)
Venue: Hyatt Regency, New Delhi













Lack of clarity spells doom for UMPP projects
12 May 2015
Ashish Gupta

The Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPPs) which were seen as major achievement for the power sector are now losing momentum. Initially, nine UMPPs were to be taken up and later on seven more mega projects were added to the list.

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PM Modi's foreign policy
15 May 2015
Sanjeev Ahluwalia

Modi's strategy to navigate the impossible trinity of US, China and Europe-Russia is clear. Engage with the US,

PM Modi in Mongolia
12 May 2015
C. Raja Mohan

Why has Modi chosen to be India's first prime minister to visit Mongolia? Mongolia is indeed a very sensitive neighbour of China,

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India-Iran and the Easing of Sanctions
14 May 2015
Kanchi Gupta

India's deepening engagement with the states of the Gulf Cooperation Council as well as Israel could also moderate New Delhi's.

Make China India's natural ally for development
13 May 2015
Ranjit Goswami

The key challenge PM Modi would face in China is to completely debunk the hypothesis, which some people suspect,

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Beyond the boundary
11 May 2015
C Raja Mohan

Chinese leaders, ever so adept at power politics, do not find it difficult to understand where Modi is coming from.

Chinese keep a keen eye on Modi's visit
11 May 2015
Manoj Joshi

In Beijing, the overwhelming question a visitor faces is: What will be the outcome of the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi?

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Back to the labyrinth
12 May 2015
Sunjoy Joshi

It is time to pause to remind Prime Minister Modi of his campaign promise "minimum government, maximum governance".

The Modi govt's economic story
12 May 2015
Manoj Joshi

Modi himself is on record saying that it would take him 5-7 years to fulfil his agenda. That is a reasonable amount of time.

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