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Political and diplomatic overview
 of the run up to the 1965
 India-Pakistan war
The events that led to the outbreak of war between India and Pakistan on September 6, 1965 had taken New Delhi by surprise, just as India surprised Pakistan by launching an attack across the international border towards Lahore.
  more analysis>>
 
Analysis
 
Afghanistan's looming crisis
3 September 2015
Vikram Sood
It is difficult to accept that the Americans were blissfully ignorant about Mullah Omar's death unless there was a failure of both intelligence and imagination. This was a failure to imagine that, having once hidden the truth from them about Osama bin Laden, Pakistan would repeat this subterfuge.
 
India-US defence cooperation stuck in a catch-22 situation
2 September 2015
Seema Sirohi & Abhijit Iyer-Mitra
As PM Modi's second visit to the US draws near, excitement and anxiety both are rising on bridging the gap between promise and delivery. Though US officials would like to treat visits by Indian leaders as 'normal order of business' without demands for a breakthrough, breakthroughs are needed given the long history of non-cooperation and suspicion.
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Report
 
Situating South Asia in the US response to transnational threats and Islamic militancy
26 August 2015
The rise of Islamic State does pose a strategic threat to South Asia, although the influence might not be direct, according to Prof. Stephen Tankel of American University. He says since the decline of the Al Qaeda senior leadership in Pakistan, the IS has emerged a source of new leadership.
 
Japanese expert says India's cooperation with Russia, China is revisionist orientation
20 August 2015
From the beginning of the 21st century, India's foreign policy got a strategic orientation. Until then, it lacked coherence due to the absence of an overall plan or document stating the foreign policy objectives, says Professor Takenori Horimoto of The Open University of Japan.
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Occasional Paper
 
Space 2.0: Shaping India's Leap into the Final Frontier
26 August 2015
Narayan Prasad and Prateep Basu
Issue No. 67
What can drive India's leap in the global space market? This paper examines why India's space industry has failed to take advantage of opportunities for market expansion. It argues that with its inherent advantages, the country can develop a strong private space industry.
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Issue Brief
 
Justice System in Crisis: The Case of India's Undertrial Prisoners
20 August 2015
Niranjan Sahoo and Vivek Jain
Issue. 103
Six of every 10 of India's prisoners languishing in jails across the country are undertrials: their cases have yet to be tried, and they are spending more time in jail than they would have, if convicted. This paper examines the plight of the country's undertrials and recommends ways to move forward.
  more >>
Policy Brief
 
The New Development Bank: Identifying Strategic and Operational Priorities
27 August 2015

Issue No. 17
This Brief summarises the most important ideas shared in an intra-BRICS Experts Workshop held in June 2015 to identify priorities for the New Development Bank. Established at the 2014 BRICS Summit, the NDB will mainstream financing for sustainable development.
more >>
BRICS Report
 
BRICS Think Tanks Council recommends easy visas for researchers
11 August 2015
Easy visas for researchers from BRICS countries and creation of a BRICS framework programme similar to EU FP7 with funding from the New Development Bank are some of the important recommendations made by the BRICS Think Tanks Council's third meeting in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  more >>
China Weekly Report
 
Japan planning defence budget hike to fortify island chain facing China
01 September 2015
Vol V, Issue 33
Japan's Ministry of Defence is seeking a fourth straight annual military budget hike to help fortify the country's far-flung island chain in the East China Sea, close to ocean territory claimed by Beijing.
  more >>
South Asia Weekly Report
 
Pakistan: Relationship with US deteriorating
28 August 2015
Zuber Singh
Vol VIII, Issue 35
The relationship between the United States and Pakistan is one that grew exponentially in the first decade of the new millennia. However, following the post-US drawdown from Afghanistan, the United States' relationship with Pakistan has hit a roadblock of sorts.
  more >>
Energy News Monitor
 
Living with Low Oil Prices
28 August 2015
Vol XII, Issue 11
If we take into account that one of the causes for lower oil prices is slowing global growth and the consequent decline in demand for oil in emerging markets (including India), expectation that lower oil prices will result in growth becomes a flawed circular argument.
  more >>
Africa Monitor
 
India set to import tur dal from Africa amid high domestic prices
21 August 2015
Vol. IV Issue. 46
India is set to import tur (pigeon pea) in record quantity from Africa in the coming months as domestic prices have increased 46 per cent in Delhi over the past six months, show consumer affairs ministry data.
  more >>
ORF Cyber Monitor
 
Making Digital India Successful
18 August, 2015
Vol III, Issue 8
Prime Minister Narendra Modi kicked-off the Digital India Week on July 1 to create awareness about e-governance and encourage greater public involvement. As part of the programme the PM has launched various products and schemes intended to integrate government departments.
  more >>
West Asia Monitor
 
Decoding India's Abstention on UNHRC Vote
10 August 2015
Vol I, Issue XII
In what is being touted as a major shift in Indian policy towards Israel, New Delhi abstained from a vote against Israel at the UN Human Rights Commission. The UN human rights body called for Israel's accountability in alleged war crimes committed by its officials during the conflict in Gaza in July 2014.
  more >>
South China Sea Monitor
 
Joint Aerial Patrols in the SCS
01 August 2015
Vol IV, Issue 8
Admiral Scott Swift, the new U.S. Commander of the Pacific Fleet, recently joined the crew of a P-8A Poseidon aircraft on July 18 on a seven-hour surveillance mission over the South China Sea (SCS),
  more >>
Space Alert
 
SAARC SAT: India's Own TCBM or A Strategic Outreach?
July 2015
Vol III, Issue 3
On the occasion of the successful launch of the PSLV-C23 in June 2014, Prime Minister Modi announced the development of a SAARC Satellite, called SAARC SAT, for sharing the benefits of satellite technology with its South Asian neighbours.
  more >>
Annual Report
 
Annual Report 2014



Observer Research Foundation (ORF) is an endeavour to aid and influence formulation of policies for building a strong and prosperous India. The expectations of the global community from India are immense as the country is poised to play a leading role in the knowledge age. The Foundation believes that in the next 15 years, India will be one of the great economic powers in the world and contribute to a significant transformation in the quality of life of humanity.
  more >>

 

 
 
    



  

  

 
Events
 

(BY INVITATION ONLY)

"Briefing on the IANA Transition"
Thursday, 3 September 2015
(3:00 PM To 5:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall

 


(BY INVITATION ONLY)

Conference
on

"Technology and Climate Change: Exploring Technological Solutions for Climate Action"
Friday, 4 September 2015
(10:00 AM To 5:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall

 


(BY INVITATION ONLY)

Talk on

"Volatility in the Economy"
by Mr. V Nagappan, FCA.
Saturday, 5 September 2015
(11:00 AM To 1:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Chennai, Conference Hall

 


(BY INVITATION ONLY)

Talk
on

"India, the Internet and the Role of Foreign Direct Investment"
by Amb. David A Gross
Thursday, 17 September 2015
(10:00 AM To 1:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall

 


(BY INVITATION ONLY)

Discussion
on

"Sino-Indian Relations: Changing Landscape"
Saturday, 19 September 2015
(11:00 AM To 1:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Kolkata

 


(BY INVITATION ONLY)

Conference
on

"CYFY 2015"
14-16 October 2015
(10:00 AM To 6:00 PM)
Venue: New Delhi

 


(BY INVITATION ONLY)

Conference
on

"Japan's Perspectives on Regional Security"
Monday, 26 October 2015
(6:00 PM To 9:00 PM)
Venue: The Oberoi, New Delhi

 


(BY INVITATION ONLY)

ORF-ZEIT Stiftung Ebelin und Gerd Bucerius (Hamburg)
on

"5th Asian Forum on Global Governance"
25 October to 3 November 2015
(9:00 AM To 5:00 PM)
Venue: Hyatt Regency, New Delhi

 


(BY INVITATION ONLY)

Book Presentation
on

"The BRICS and the Future of Global Order"
Wednesday, 25 November 2015
(3:00 PM To 5:00 PM)
Venue: ORF-Delhi, Conference Hall

 




  
  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

 
Energy/Coal/Power
 
Living with Low Oil Prices
25 August 2015
Lydia Powell and Akhilesh Sati

Global energy news in the month of August was dominated by the fall in oil prices. Around the third week of August WTI prices breached the floor of $ 40/bbl.

 
Delhi must think twice before going solar
25 August 2015
Ashish Gupta,

The Delhi Dialogue Commission recently presented the draft solar policy for Delhi in a meeting with Non Government Organisations (NGO's),

 
 
more >>
 
International
Modi in the Gulf
11 August 2015
C. Raja Mohan

That Narendra Modi's two-day trip to the UAE this weekend is the first prime ministerial visit since 1981 underlines the story of New Delhi's.

 
Getting close to an integrated South Asia
10 August 2015
Geethanjali Nataraj

The ministers of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal have laid out a sound draft of the Motor Vehicles Agreement (MVA).

more >>
National
Modi's government seems to have lost its Mojo
17 August 2015
Manoj Joshi

It is difficult to avoid the impression that the Modi government has lost its mojo. The main reason for this is that instead of overhauling a machine that had gone bust,

 
'Indian diaspora' in India
07 August 2015
Sanjeev Ahluwalia

Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Bengal continue to supply cheap labour to the rest of India today, just as they did in colonial times to British plantations in Guyana,

more >>
 
Terrorism
Biggest threat to India is from the ISI, and not IS
07 August 2015
Ashok Malik

It would appear Pakistan's ISI and the army are talking up the Islamic State presence to divert attention from and in a sense even mainstream the Taliban.

 
The meaning of the Gurdaspur attacks
06 August 2015
Vikram Sood

What the country saw in Gurdaspur was a police force in neglect as it made up its deficiencies of equipment and training with its courage. A smarter force,

more >>
 
Economy
Creating jobs for youth a big task for Govt
17 August 2015
Sanjeev Ahluwalia

In any event whilst the macro-economic variables are tweaked, direct, rapidly deployed interventions for growth and employment are needed to meet expectations.

 
India preparing to join Apec club
10 August 2015
Richa Sekhani

The Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation Organisation (APEC) presents the right opportunity for India to be a part of this changing global trade system.

more >>